There are many options for birth control and the physicians at Cheyenne OBGYN would love to sit down and speak with you about your needs and concerns in the process of choosing the correct Contraceptive for you. Here are a few of the most common options:
Birth Control Pill – The Birth Control Pill uses the hormones estrogen and progestin to prevent ovulation. The pill is highly effective when taken once a day. There is a 98% effective rate if properly used. The pill requires a prescription by a physician.
Vaginal Ring -The NuvaRing is a soft plastic ring that is inserted inside the vagina. The Vaginal Ring uses the same hormones as the pill and the patch and is as effective if replaced once a month.
IUD – IUD stands for intrauterine device, a T-shaped device that is placed inside the uterus by a doctor. IUD’s make it more difficult for sperm to fertilize the egg. IUD’s have a failure rate of about 0.8%. As of 2007, IUDs are the most widely used form of reversible contraception, with more than 180 million users worldwide. IUDs do not affect breastfeeding and can be inserted immediately after delivery. Once removed, even after long term use, fertility returns to normal immediately.
Skyla – (levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system) is a hormone-releasing IUD that prevents pregnancy for up to 3 years.
Hormone shot – The birth control shot, known as Depo Provera, is a hormonal injection that protects against pregnancy every 12 weeks. It is a progestin-only contraceptive. For most couples, it is more effective than the birth control pill.
Male condom – The latex condom is a classic birth control method. It prevents sperm from entering the woman’s body, protecting against pregnancy and most STDs. With proper knowledge and application technique—and use at every act of intercourse—women whose partners use male condoms experience a 2% per-year pregnancy rate with perfect use and an 18% per-year pregnancy rate with typical use. Condoms have been used for approximately 400 years. Since the 19th century, they have been one of the most popular methods of contraception in the world.
Female condom – The female condom is a thin, soft, loose-fitting pouch that lines the vagina and can be put in place up to 8 hours before sex. They typically come in various sizes. For most vaginas, a moderately sized condom is adequate; women who have recently given birth should try a large size first. The inner ring at the closed end of the sheath is used to insert the condom inside the vagina and to hold it in place during intercourse. The rolled outer ring at the open end of the pouch remains outside the vagina and covers part of the external genitalia. The female condoms protection against STD’s and pregnancy is inferior to that by male condoms.
Patch – Women who have trouble remembering a daily pill may want to consider the birth control patch. The Ortho Evra patch is worn on the skin and changed only once a week for three weeks with a fourth week that is patch-free. A contraceptive patch releases synthetic estrogen and progestin hormones to prevent pregnancy. They have been shown to be as effective as the birth control pill with perfect use, and the patch may be more effective in typical use.
Implant – The birth control implant NEXPLANON is a small, soft, and flexible birth control implant—it’s just 4 centimeters in length. Your health care provider places it discreetly under the skin on the inside of your upper arm. This means it’s hidden from view. NEXPLANON provides up to 3 years of continuous pregnancy prevention.* That means no more daily, weekly, or monthly dosing routine.
Once inserted, NEXPLANON is over 99% effective, just like the pill. But there’s a difference—with NEXPLANON, you don’t have to remember to take it every day.
*NEXPLANON can be removed at any time. It must be removed by the end of the third year and may be replaced by a new NEXPLANON at the time of removal, if continued contraceptive protection is desired.
Permanent Forms of Birth Control include:
Tubal Ligation – a minor surgery done through a small incision in the belly button. This can be done right after having a baby or at any other time. A tubal ligation — also known as having your tubes tied or tubal sterilization — is a type of permanent birth control. During a tubal ligation, the fallopian tubes are cut or blocked to permanently prevent pregnancy.
A tubal ligation disrupts the movement of the egg to the uterus for fertilization and blocks sperm from traveling up the fallopian tubes to the egg. A tubal ligation doesn’t affect your menstrual cycle.
A tubal ligation can be done at any time, including after childbirth or in combination with another abdominal surgical procedure, such as a C-section.
Essure Product – is a minor procedure where a small insert is permanently placed into each of your fallopian tubes by your doctor. These inserts work with your body to form a natural barrier that keeps sperm from reaching the eggs, preventing pregnancy. While the natural barrier forms over time, another form of birth control must be used.